Marjorie Carvalho de Souza

marjorie.carvalhodesouza[at]unina.it

PhD in: GLOBAL HISTORY AND GOVERNANCE
Ciclo: XXXV

Titolo progetto: Free and Freed Laborers “Fairly Binded and Contracted”: Law, Labour and Contract in Nineteenth-Century Brazil (1830-1888)

Supervisor(s): Alessandro Stanziani; Cristina Vano

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  • EDUCATION

    PhD in Global History and Governance

    2019-2023

    Scuola Superiore Meridionale
    Università degli Studi di Napoli – Federico II (Italy)
    Research project:Free and Freed Laborers “Fairly Binded and Contracted”: Law, Labour and Contract in Nineteenth-Century Brazil (1830-1888)

    Master’s degree in Global History

    2019-2021

    Special field: Global Labour History
    Department of History.
    Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis – Brazil. Supervisor: Prof. Henrique Espada Lima.

    Postgraduate degree in Labour Law

    2019-2020

    Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre – Brazil.

    DAAD Scholarship – Hochschulwinterkurse

    2020 (6 weeks)

    Fully-funded intensive German course in cooperation with the Institut für Internationale Kommunikation e. V. (IIK) in Berlin – Germany.
    Level: B2.

    Max Planck Summer Academy for Legal History 2019

    2019 (2 weeks)

    Law in text and contexts.
    Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt am Main – Germany.

    Bachelor’s in Law

    2013-2019

    Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis – Brazil
    Final thesis in Legal History on the nineteenth-century legal journalism, with special regard to the Brazilian’s Bar Association Review (1843-1888).

    Exchange program

    2015-2016

    University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples (Italy)
    Scholarship to develop for ten months a research work on my thesis in Legal History under the supervision of prof. Cristina Vano

    RECENT PUBLICATIONS

    Book review

    GROSS, Ariela; DE LA FUENTE, Alejandro. Becoming free, becoming black: Race, Freedom, and Law in Cuba, Virginia, and Louisiana. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020, in Journal of Global Slavery 5 (2020), p. 271-278.

    Book chapter

    Political systems in transition and cultural (in)dependence: the limits of a legal transplant in the example of the Brazilian’s Court of Auditors Birth. In: GALEDEK, Michal; KLIMASZEWSKA, Anna (eds.). Modernisation, National Identity and Legal Instrumentalism. Studies in Comparative Legal History. Leiden: Brill, 2020. pp. 89-99.

    Translation of articles

    a)
    A Cidadania Submersa. O Trabalho Doméstico na Itália entre os Séculos XIX e XX. Mundos do Trabalho. Dossiê: Trabalho doméstico: sujeitos, experiências e lutas. v. 10, n. 20, p. 15- 30, 2019.
    Original article:
    PASSANITI, Paolo. La Cittadinanza Sommersa. Il Lavoro Domestico tra Otto e Novecento. Quaderni Fiorentini, XXXVII, p. 233-258, 2008.

    b)

    Ideologia e técnica em uma definição jurídica: a definição obertina de feudo dos glosadores a cujas. Revista Sequencia, Florianópolis, n. 79, p. 220-256, ago. 2018.

    Original article:
    GROSSI, Paolo. Ideologia e tecnica in una definizione giuridica: la definizione obertina di feudo dai Glossatori a Cujas. Quaderni fiorentini per la storia del pensiero giuridico moderno. v. 19, n. 1, p. 179-208, 1990.

    Article in congress annals

    SOUZA, Marjorie Carvalho de. Do “programma” à “miscellanea”: a criação da Revista do Instituto da Ordem dos Advogados Brasileiros em face do projeto cultural da Instituição (1862-1893). In: Anais da VIII Semana Acadêmica de História (FAED-UDESC).

    This is a research project about the interaction between law, labor, and contracts in nineteenth-century Brazil, in the period that comes from the immediate aftermath of Brazilian Independence (1830) until the abolition of slavery (1888). The main objective is to study the restructuring of the legal regulation of labor in the post-independence period going beyond the statutes enacted by the new state and their declared targets. Resorting to real labor negotiations and judicial disputes over work agreements, the investigation will focus on how law was enforced but also created by – when not against – working people in notary offices and courtrooms. In those legal spheres, slaves, freedmen, freemen, native born, and immigrants all made use and were affected by the new legal language of contracts introduced in the Brazilian legal system to mediate the “transition” to free labor. This new legal paradigm, both a symbol of freedom and a tool of coercion, was influenced not only by the legal tradition of slavery, but also by its continuing social weight, embracing individuals and uses for which it initially was not envisaged. Analysis of those empirical and sometimes also creative uses of law might serve to undermine the still powerful dichotomy of “free” and “unfree” labor found in most of Brazilian legal literature, shedding new light on the legal legacies of slavery in the emergence of labor law.