Cristiano La Lumia


Ciclo: XXXV

Titolo progetto: Owners and Citizens. Property rights and Citizenship of the German Ex-Enemy Aliens (1918-1932)

Supervisor(s): Prof. Daniela L. Caglioti

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  • Education:

    March – August 2019
    Erasmus+ Traineeship at Freie Universität (Berlin) under the supervision of prof. Oliver Janz

    September 2013 – October 2018
    Diploma di Licenza at Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa

    September 2016 – October 2018
    Master of Arts Degree at University of Pisa
    Mark: 110\110 cum laude
    Dissertation: Proprietari in bilico. Il trattamento degli enemy aliens austro-tedeschi e delle loro proprietà in Italia (1915-1927), first advisor Prof. Arturo Marzano, second advisor Prof. Alessandro Polsi

    October – December 2017
    Research scholarship for dissertation at Freie Universität (Berlin)

    October 2013 – July 2016
    Bachelor Degree at University of Pisa;
    Mark: 110\110 cum laude
    Dissertation: «Punire le atrocità». La giustizia di transizione dopo la Prima guerra mondiale (1918-1922) advisor Prof. Arturo Marzano

    My project concentrates on the relationship between citizenship and property rights in the interwar period, focusing on the case of the German ex-enemy aliens after the First World War. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach based on history and legal history, the aim of the research is to highlight the construction of individuals’ belonging to the Weimar republic in the Twenties. The redefinition among citizenship and property rights in the case of the ex-enemy aliens was one of the most important challenges for the new Weimar Republic, as it had to manage the consequences of both war and consequent defeat. Indeed, it had to redraw the boundaries of national belonging, since the fate of German ex-enemy aliens together with their properties posed several dilemmas. Did the Reich adopt a legal notion of citizenship or an ethnic-nationalist one? Since the First World War and the treaty of Versailles had a centripetal effect on the traditional German ‘polycentrism’, how did the Weimar republic manage the re-territorializing of the national belonging and identity for many ‘Germans abroad’? Which criteria did the German state adopt in order to grant citizenship and pay the compensations? How did it classify and select those who were worthy of help among such a socially, religiously, ethnically, politically geographically and demographically heterogeneous group as the Auslandsdeutsche? How could it manage the reconstruction of the German economic and political position in Europe and the former enemy empires? Which was the role in the national reconstruction played by those dispossessed ‘Germans abroad’? Which were the political and rhetorical strategies adopted to support their compensation claims? Which role did they play in the reshaping of their legal status? The aim of the research is to answer all the questions posed above.