Leo Pavesi

leo.pavesi[at]unina.it

PhD in: GLOBAL HISTORY AND GOVERNANCE
Ciclo: XXXVI

Titolo progetto: Building New States: Corporatism as cultural transfer between Italian, Portuguese and Brazilian Jurists (1926-1943)

Supervisor(s): Olindo de Napoli

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  • Research interests:

    History of Italian Fascism and neofascism, history of fascist internationalism, history of corporatist ideas and practices in the interwar years, history of authoritarian regimes in Southern Europe and Latin America during the twentieth century.

    Research:

    2022

    I CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DERECHAS, HISTORIA Y MEMORIA: TEORÍA Y PRAXIS DE LAS DICTADURAS EN EL PODER (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID) 23-25 March 2022

    Paper: The circulation of Fascist juridical ideas in Vargas’s Estado Novo: the cases of Oliveira Vianna and Luiz Augusto de Rego Monteiro

    2021

    COMFAS (International Association for Comparative Fascist Studies) International Early-Career Workshop Rethinking Practices and Notions of Fascist Internationalism 1919-1945, Berlin, 22-23 October 2021.

    Paper: A quest for a Fascist internationalist discourse: revisiting the CAUR in the 1930s.

    Book reviews:

    Leo Pavesi, Gregorio Sorgonà, “La scoperta della destra”, “Storicamente”, 17 (2021), no. 14. DOI: 10.52056/9788833138732/14

    Leo Pavesi, Joan Maria Thomàs, “José Antonio Primo de Rivera. The Reality and Myth of a Spanish Fascist Leader”, “Storicamente”, (2019), no. 41. DOI: 10.12977/stor787

    Education:

    February 2022- August 2022

    Visiting Ph. D. student at the Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa

    Supervisor: Prof. Antonio Costa Pinto

    2020-present

    Ph.D. candidate in Global History and Governance

    2020

    Master’s Degree in Historical Sciences, University of Bologna, Department of History and Cultures, 110/100 cum laude.

    Dissertation in Global History – Public Sphere and Mass comunications: La Toscana tra ruralismo e modernizzazione: un dibattito sulla stampa fascista. Supervisors: Prof. Marica Tolomelli and Prof. Alberto De Bernardi.

    2017

    Bachelor’s Degree in History, University of Bologna, Department of History and Cultures, 110/110 cum laude.

    Dissertation in History of Contemporary Europe: Le città fasciste in Emilia Romagna: Tresigallo e Predappio Nuova. Supervisor: Prof. Alberto De Bernardi.

    2014

    Maturità classica. Liceo Classico Ludovico Ariosto, Ferrara. 89/100.

     

     

    The focus of the research is the transnational diffusion of Italian Fascist corporatism in the Lusophone world under the perspective of jurists during the interwar years. In Portugal, under António Oliveira Salazar, and in Brazil, under Getúlio Vargas, a new wave of constitutionalism created corporatist institutions whose origins can be traced in Mussolini’s regime and Alfredo Rocco’s labor legislation. The research aims at highlighting how Portuguese and Brazilian jurists approached the innovation represented by the Fascist corporatist state through the Italian juridical debate on corporatism. While institutions and laws, referable, in a way or another, to Mussolini’s regime, were ‘transplanted’ in Portugal and Brazil, did Portuguese and Brazilian jurists look at the work of their Italian colleagues to envision further political and institutional developments? In both countries, the juridical debate on Fascist corporatism was instrumental in defining the two “New States” as authoritarian corporatist regimes that respected the autonomy of civil society and despised the totalitarian excesses of Mussolini’s regime. On one hand, the project deals with the notion of legal transplant not as a perfect mimetic practice, but as a process of adaptation to different juridical traditions and politico-institutional contexts. On the other, the research focuses on the paradoxical nature of a transnational web of nationalist legal scholars that looked at foreign solutions for governing social relations and forging an “authoritarian third way” between liberalism and totalitarianism.